anhydrous ammonia definition

Anhydrous means "without water" and is very caustic to humans. Per special provision 13 in column 7 the words “Inhalation Hazard” must be marked on the following: Anhydrous ammonia (NH3) is the foundation for all nitrogen (N) fertilizers. It is normally encountered as a gas with a characteristic pungent odor. Household ammonia is typically a solution of ammonia dissolved in water, but for industrial and commercial purposes ammonia is often stored and transported in a concentrated state without any added water, called anhydrous ammonia. Anhydrous means without water. Anhydrous ammonia is stored in containers in liquid form but expands rapidly when released into the air until it becomes a gas. More than 250,000 words that aren't in our free dictionary, Expanded definitions, etymologies, and usage notes. Define Anhydrous ammonia. For example, gaseous ammonia is called anhydrous ammonia to distinguish it from its aqueous form. For Anhydrous Ammonia described as UN1005, ammonia, anhydrous 2.3 Poison Inhalation Hazard or Toxic Inhalation Hazard, Zone D, and when transported in a packaging having a capacity greater than 13,248 L (3,500 gallons), an HMSP is required. Delivered to your inbox! Accessed 25 Dec. 2020. The potential health hazards You must — there are over 200,000 words in our free online dictionary, but you are looking for one that’s only in the Merriam-Webster Unabridged Dictionary. It is a common nitrogenous waste, particularly among aquatic organisms, and it contributes significantly to the nutritional needs of terrestrial organisms by serving as a precursor to food and fertilizers. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Note: Household ammonia is typically a solution of ammonia dissolved in water, but for industrial and commercial purposes ammonia is often stored and transported in a concentrated state without any added water, called anhydrous ammonia. In this form it can be used as a fertilizer, a refrigerant, or as an antimicrobial agent. In some respects NH 3 behaves like water, since they both have solid, liquid, and gaseous states. Anhydrous Wagons. Its chemical formula is NH3, which means that it consists of one atom of nitrogen and three atoms of hydrogen per molecule. However, if not handled properly NH3 can be dangerous. In these instances, Anhydrous Ammonia meets the definition of a Material that is Poison-By-Inhalation or Toxic-By-Inhalation as defined in 49 CFR § 171.8 and meets the criteria for a hazard zone D as specified in 49 CFR § 173.116 (a). Have you ever wondered about these lines? Ammonia contributes significantly to the nutritional needs of the planet as a precursor to foodstuffs and fertilizers. Note: ammonia N 13 ammonia in which a portion of the molecules are labeled with 13 N; used in positron emission tomography of the cardiovascular system, brain, and liver. Ammonia is a toxic gas or liquid that, when concentrated, is corrosive to tissues upon contact. Chemistry of Anhydrous Ammonia Ammonia is a chemical compound used as a fertilizer because it is rich in nitrogen. What made you want to look up anhydrous ammonia? Refer to Compressed Gas Association (CGA) G-2.1 for the recommendations for the storage and handling of anhydrous ammonia. Anhydrous can also refer to the gaseous form of some concentrated solutions or pure compounds. He's making a quiz, and checking it twice... Test your knowledge of the words of the year. This requires a substantial amount of pressure and specially designed tanks and equipment. Anhydrous ammonia is a nitrogen crop fertilizer that does wonders in the soil, but must be applied with the utmost caution.The chemical takes up water from the nearest source, including the human body – especially the eyes, lungs, and skin because of their high moisture content. When used as an agricultural fertilizer, NH3 is compressed into a liquid. OSHA 29 CFR 1910.111 prescribes handling and storage requirements for anhydrous ammonia. At a fertilizer plant in Potchefstroom, South Africa, the ammonia was stored under pressure in four 50-ton horizontal cylinders of the type known as bullets. Anhydrous ammonia is a chemical compound with the formula NH 3. Anhydrous ammonia is ammonia gas in a compressed or liquefied form but is not aqueous ammonia, which is a solution … Anhydrous ammonia is a hygroscopic compound, meaning that it takes up water from the nearest source, which can include the human body—especially the eyes, lungs, and skin because of their high moisture content. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Anhydrous ammonia also … It's made up … Our anhydrous running gears are also available in numerous track widths, making it easy to find what will work best for your field or cooperative. Note: The definition of "authority having jurisdiction" is a person who has the delegated authority to DESCRIPTION: For the purposes of this card, ammonia refers to solutions that are 50% ammonia or greater, ammonia anhydrous, and ammonia anhydrous liquified, unless otherwise specified. Anhydrous ammonia boils at -28º F and has an expansion rate of 30 to 1. Anhydrous ammonia is the gas or compressed liquid form of ammonia that contains no water. Liquid anhydrous ammonia is used as a fertilizer, and it is stored either at room temperature under pressure or at atmospheric pressure and maintained at subzero temperature. Anhydrous ammonia is caustic, corrosive, and damaging to tissue high in moisture content when it contacts the human body. Under a November 1940 contract with the government, DuPont built the facility, initially to produce, Post the Definition of anhydrous ammonia to Facebook, Share the Definition of anhydrous ammonia on Twitter. Note: As a compressed gas of Class 2, this HazMat is not assigned a packing group. Chemistry Geology (of a substance, especially a crystalline compound) containing no water. n. a colorless alkaline gas, NH 3, with a pungent odor and acrid taste, and soluble in water. On all hose one-half inch outside diameter and larger, used for the transfer of anhydrous ammonia liquid or vapor, there shall be etched, cast,or impressed at 5-foot intervals the following information. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). Anhydrous ammonia – used in manufacturing, refrigeration and agriculture – is a pungent, colorless and toxic gas or liquid that, when concentrated, is corrosive to human tissue upon contact, according to NIOSH. Using a complex method called the Haber-Bosch process, nitrogen is captured from the air, combined with a hydrogen source and converted into a form … Breathing even small amounts of NH₃ vapor can cause severe irritation and possible permanent damage to the eyes, throat, and lungs. Liquid anhydrous ammonia is lighter than water, having a density of 42.57 pounds per cubic foot at -28° F, while as a vapor, ammonia is lighter than air, its relative density is 0.597 compared to air at atmospheric pressure and a temperature of 32° F. Under the latter conditions, one pound of ammonia Other chemicals also have the word anhydrous in their name and it means the same thing, without water. Start your free trial today and get unlimited access to America's largest dictionary, with: “Anhydrous ammonia.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/anhydrous%20ammonia. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? Although almost 80 percent of the earth’s atmosphere is comprised of nitrogen, it is not in a chemically and biologically unusable form for plants. Easily liquefied under pressure.] Learn a new word every day. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas. They can be set up in single or dual tank configurations and can fit a number of different tank sizes. Any anhydrous ammonia contact with our bodies could cause tissue dehydration, caustic burns as well as frostbite. Anhydrous ammonia: 82 : gas : From Havlin, Beaton, Tisdale and Nelson (1999) Anhydrous NH 3 Anhydrous NH 3 contains 82% N, the highest amount of any N fertilizer. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'? Because NH3 contains little or no water it aggressively seeks out moisture, be it from soil or your eyes, throat, lungs or skin. Gaseous hydrogen chloride is called anhydrous hydrogen chloride to distinguish it from hydrochloric acid. In this form it can be used as a fertilizer, a refrigerant, or as an antimicrobial agent. To fully understand what anhydrous ammonia is, we must look at the definition of the word “Anhydrous.” To break the word down, the prefix “An-” means “without” while the root of the word “-hydrous” means water. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. Anhydrous ammonia synonyms, Anhydrous ammonia pronunciation, Anhydrous ammonia translation, English dictionary definition of Anhydrous ammonia. Anhydrous Ammonia Formula Ammonia, sometimes called Azane, is a compound with the formula NH3. What is ammonia? That is, it is an- (meaning without) hydrous (meaning water). It is referred to as “anhydrous” because the compound does not contain any water. only stainless steel, carbon steel or black iron for anhydrous ammonia containers or piping. Anhydrous transport running gears are available in a variety of configurations. Anhydrous ammonia is one of the most efficient and widely used sources of nitrogen for plant growth. APPEARANCE: Clear, colorless, gas.Clear, colorless liquid under pressure. Anhydrous ammonia is just one of many dangerous but common chemicals that are used in various industrial processes and can pose a risk to communities and emergency personnel. Gaseous hydrogen chloride is generally referred to as anhydrous, to distinguish it from its solution in water, hydrochloric acid. Proper shipping description for use within the U.S.: UN1005, Ammonia, anhydrous, 2.2. While NH 3 is dangerous, anhydrous ammonia also has countless uses relating to the medicinal field, functions as a cleaning agent when diluted, is commonly used as a fertilizer, and in some cases is stolen to illegally produce methamphetamine. Any chemical substance prefaced with the word anhydrous can be a gas, liquid, or solid. Definition of anhydrous : free from water and especially water of crystallization Examples of anhydrous in a Sentence Recent Examples on the Web River Country was fined by the state in 2010 for safety … Anhydrous ammonia means an inorganic compound that consists of 1 nitrogen atom and 3 hydrogen atoms and has a chemical formula of NH3. The advantages of ammonia's relatively easy application and ready availability have led to its increased use as a fertilizer on Missouri farms. Gaseous ammonia is generally referred to as anhydrous ammonia, to distinguish it from its solution in water, household ammonia solution, also known as ammonium hydroxide. https://www.thefreedictionary.com/Anhydrous+ammonia, [1790–1800; < New Latin, so called as being obtained from sal, Prosecutors say they won't file criminal charges in connection with an, After citing preliminary reports of the investigation, CNN confirmed that the containers, filled with, The scope of work includes the construction of a plant with a capacity of 1,000 MTPD of, Marshall Excelsior is a ldesigner, manufacturer and supplier of mission-critical, highly engineered flow control products used in the transportation, storage, and consumption of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and liquefied, Marshall Excelsior is a designer, manufacturer and supplier of highly engineered flow control products used in the transportation, storage, and consumption of liquefied petroleum gas and liquefied, EPA inspectors visited the Oregon Ice Cream plant in 2011 after the company followed federal rules and reported that it had more than 10,000 pounds of, EPA alleged that the Army Corps did not comply with "Risk Management Plan" regulations contained in the federal Clean Air Act in its handling of, One of the pictures shows an ICI steam engine taking sulphate of ammonia to the despatch grid while in the background, Food and beverage makers are not immune to this heightened scrutiny, especially facilities that utilize, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Prosecutors say no criminal charges in ammonia leak, Illinois: Chemical spill sends 37 to hospital, 7 in critical condition, Marshall Excelsior buys BASE Engineering for undisclosed value, Deal snapshot: HARBOUR GROUP ACQUIRES FLOW CONTROL PRODUCTS MANUFACTURER MARSHALL EXCELSIOR, EPA fines Oregon Ice Cream Co. for $55,000, Hanover, N.H. Army lab fined and takes steps to improve safety under EPA settlement, Chemical giant at the very heart of Teesside, Environmental and safety regulations: what you need to know about ammonia used in food and beverage manufacturing: A release of ammonia poses grave risks to company employees and potentially to neighbors and communities. Anhydrous ammonia by definition does not contain water, so when it comes in contact with any bodily tissue that contains water, especially things like eyes, or the throat, or the lungs, it is going to interact with those bodily tissues and essentially cause burning and scarring of those tissues. Colorless gas with a pungent, suffocating odor. (maximum working pressure), manufacturer's name or trademark, year of … Anhydrous means "without water." Community groups, local officials, and public interest organizations have been pushing companies to replace dangerous substances with safer chemicals for decades. Anhydrous ammonia is a pungent gas with suffocating fumes Symptoms can include breathing difficulty; irritation of the eyes, nose or throat Exposure to high concentrations can lead to death All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. "Anhydrous Ammonia" XXX p.s.i.g. ‘The sample was maintained at room temperature for 24 h to ensure conversion of any anhydrous cholesterol crystals to the monohydrate form.’ Anhydrous ammonia, Aqua ammonia, Aqueous ammonia [Note: Often used in an aqueous solution.] Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH 3.A stable binary hydride, and the simplest pnictogen hydride, ammonia is a colourless gas with a characteristic pungent smell. If not stored or transporte… Does not contain any water. odor and acrid taste, and public interest organizations been... Aqueous form search—ad free ammonia synonyms, anhydrous ammonia are available in a of. High in moisture content when it contacts the human body including dictionary, definitions., anhydrous ammonia containers or piping along the way the year can also refer the. 3 hydrogen atoms and has a chemical formula of NH3 along the way it can set. It can be used as a compressed gas of Class 2, this HazMat is not assigned packing. Corrosive to tissues upon contact twice... test Your Knowledge - and learn some things..., 2.2, to distinguish it from its aqueous form of anhydrous ammonia,. In their name and it means the same thing, without water '' is... When used as a fertilizer because it is referred to as “ anhydrous ” because the does! Fit a number of different tank sizes, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference is... It in the butt ' or 'nip it in the butt ' or Intents! Plant growth a toxic gas or compressed liquid form of ammonia that contains no water. or piping, definitions. 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Ammonia translation, English dictionary definition of anhydrous ammonia hydrochloric acid or 'nip it the! Odor and acrid taste, and gaseous states NH 3 behaves like water, since they both have solid liquid... The compound does not contain any water. ammonia boils at -28º F and has expansion.

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